Relevant Positions

Protection and Enhancement of Biodiversity

In accordance with our mission “Science for a better life”, it is our goal to contribute to an improvement of the global quality of life through our research, our products and our business activities. In this process, we aim to use natural resources responsibly, in so doing promoting biodiversity and thus recognizing the diversity of species, the diversity of ecosystems and genetic diversity.

Bayer’s Commitment

We are explicitly committed to the United Nations’ “Convention on Biological Diversity”.Zoom image
We are explicitly committed to the United Nations’ “Convention on Biological Diversity”.

We are explicitly committed to the United Nations’ “Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)” and its objectives, including the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and traditional knowledge.

Biodiversity is of high relevance for Bayer which we aim to protect and preserve in the scope of all our activities. For example, for the production of herbal medicines, Bayer does not support over-harvesting of genetic resources in a way they are depleted over time but rather ensures our suppliers find the right balance between taking a resource from nature and leaving enough for the resource to recuperate.

Integrated approaches are crucial to conserving and enhancing biodiversity and ecosystem services in crop production and vegetation management. Such approaches have been pledged for as a key strategic approach and referred to as mainstreaming of biodiversity by the CBD, whereby trade-offs are accounted for and synergies fostered.

Bayer’s Role

We believe that the diversity of ecosystems, species and crop varieties is invaluable for the next generations and needs to be protected for its own sake. At the same time, we appreciate the economic value and practical benefits derived from biodiversity, e.g. ingredients for new traditional and innovative medicines, non-prescription (OTC) drugs, dietary supplements and other self-care solutions. Conscious of our dependency and influence on biodiversity along the whole value chain, Bayer commits to mainstreaming of biodiversity in a variety of ways throughout our core businesses and research and development (R&D) activities by:

  • Providing technologies and services such as seed varieties, crop protection products, including biologics, stewardship measures, precision and digital farming solutions that support extensive to intensive cropping systems managed by large or small-holder farmers worldwide
  • Providing solutions to manage invasive alien species (IAS), including through the management of vegetation and in nature conservation areas
  • Supporting and fostering integrated crop management approaches, which embrace good agricultural practices that are fundamental to enhancing ecosystem services upon which productive crop production depends
  • Helping to protect forests – as human-driven deforestation in many countries results in habitat damage, loss of biodiversity, desertification, climate change and displacement of populations – by engagement in reforestation or avoiding deforestation programs in cooperation with farmers and external partners
  • Advocating for the need for natural or non-crop habitat maintenance and creation as part of broader landscape planning to conserve associated biodiversity, which supports ecosystem services important for crop production
  • Strengthening our R&D activities to fill knowledge gaps on the interactions between crop production, our technologies and biodiversity conservation, including in innovation creation and at the regulatory level, with the aim to support sustainable cropping systems and integrated solutions
  • Helping to mitigate climate change, as one of the factors severely impacting biodiversity, by reducing our carbon footprint in own operations and along our value chain
  • Cooperating with cross-sectoral stakeholders to amplify outcome-effective and resilient approaches to achieve transformational changes in climate protection, biodiversity conservation and crop production-nexu

Biodiversity
Short for biological diversity, the variety of life at species, ecosystem and genetic levels.

Associated biodiversity 
is “the vast range of beneficial organisms that live in and around crop production systems”. (Source)

Ecosystem Services
are the benefits people obtain from ecosystems. Ecosystem services upon which crop production depends include for instance soil fertility, soil erosion prevention, nutrient cycling, soil organic matter provision, pest control, water regulation and pollination.

Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs)
are for instance crop rotation, crop diversification (including cover crops such as leguminous crops high in nitrogen), inter-cropping, conservation (reduced- or no-) tillage systems, integrated pest and plant nutrient management adapted to the cropping systems, farming contexts and socio-economic variations.

Invasive Alien Species (IAS) 
are plants, animals, pathogens and other organisms that are non-native to an ecosystem, and which may cause economic or environmental harm or adversely affect human health. In particular, they impact adversely upon biodiversity, including decline or elimination of native species - through competition, predation, or transmission of pathogens - and the disruption of local ecosystems and ecosystem functions. (Source)

Mainstreaming of Biodiversity
means the integration of the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in both cross-sectoral plans such as sustainable development, poverty reduction, climate change adaptation/mitigation, trade and international cooperation, and in sector-specific plans such as agriculture, fisheries, forestry, mining, energy, tourism, transport and others. It implies changes in development models, strategies and paradigms. Mainstreaming is not about creating parallel and artificial processes and systems, but about integrating biodiversity into existing and/or new sectoral and cross-sectoral structures, processes and systems. (Source)

Resilience
is the ability of a system to recover from, or adjust to, change overtime and scale.